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vlsi institutes in India


VLSI stands for “Very Large Scale Integration”. This is the field which involves packing more and more logic devices into smaller and smaller areas.Thanks to VLSI, circuits that would have taken boardfuls of space can now be put into a small space few millimeters across! This has opened up a big opportunity to do things that were not possible before. VLSI circuits are everywhere … your computer, your car, your brand new state-of-the-art digital camera, the cell-phones, and what have you. All this involves a lot of expertise on many fronts within the same field, which we will look at in later sections. VLSI has been around for a long time, there is nothing new about it … but as a side effect of advances in the world of computers, there has been a dramatic proliferation of tools that can be used to design VLSI circuits. Alongside, obeying Moore’s law, the capability of an IC has increased exponentially over the years, in terms of computation power, utilisation of available area, yield. The combined effect of these two advances is that people can now put diverse functionality into the IC’s, opening up new frontiers. Examples are embedded systems, where intelligent devices are put inside everyday objects, and ubiquitous computing where small computing devices proliferate to such an extent that even the shoes you wear may actually do something useful like monitoring your heartbeats! These two fields are kinda related, and getting into their description can easily lead to another article.

Some of the best Institutes offering a course in VLSI Design and allied fields are
IISc Bangalore
IIT Bombay has a PG course in microelectronics the basic qualification are a valid gate score in required discipline.
IIT Chennai The department of Electrical engineering conducts a course in Microprocessors,Digital Systems and Analogue Systems ,VLSI Design
IIT Kanpur
IIT Delhi (VLSI Design Tools and Technology) conducts an interdisciplinary M. Tech program the participating departments are Dept. of Computer Science and Engg, Dept. of Electrical Engg, Centre for Applied Research in Electronics
IIT Kharagpur Dept of Electronics & Electrical Communication EngineeringConducts a post graduate course in VLSI
IIT Guwahati Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering This departments lists work in VLSI, Digital Design, Mixed Signal processing etc. as its major focus areas

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The Department of Electronics (DoE), Government of India, has launched a major nation-wide programme to raise the institutional capability for the development of
special manpower in the area of VLSI design and related software. The idea here is to develop manpower and teaching abilities at various institutes in the country using
the expertise available in places like the IITs and IISc. To this extent, seven resource centres (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Madras IITs, IISc and CEERI
Pilani) were identified by the DoE which could be entrusted with the responsibility to develop special programmes, manpower, course work, etc. to be used by other
participating institutes. Twelve participating institutes are identified for this purpose.
Resource Centres are expected to provide technical and monitoring support to the participating institutes such as planning for setting up laboratories and other
infrastructural facilities.

The main objectives of this project are to create course work for the M.Tech./M.E./B.Tech./B.E. level at various participating institutes, train their faculty and help
them in establishing formal and informal links with industry in the area of VLSI design.

The Institutes covered under this project are

1.(North) Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology (TIET), Patiala.
2.(North) Roorkee University, Roorkee.
3.(North) BHU-Institute of Technology (BHU-IT), Varanasi.
4.(East) Bengal Engineering College (BEC), Howrah.
5.(East) Jadhavpur University, Jadhavpur.
6.(East) REC, Rourkela.
7.(South) REC, Warangal.
8.(South) PSG College of Engineering, Coimbatore.
9.(South) KREC, Suratkal.
10.(West) VRCE, Nagpur.
11.(West) GSITS, Indore.
12.(West) Malaviya REC, Jaipur.

Other than these quite a few universitites conduct courses in VLSI and related fields at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. viz
1. Department of Electronic Science, University of Pune. (PG Course).
2. BITS Pilani Offers M.E. in Microelectronics (in collaboration with CEERI(Central Electronic Engineering Research Institute), Pilani) the faculty are mostly form CEERI;
3. The Electronics and Communication Engineering Department Regional Engineering College, Tiruchirappalli Conducts an Mtech course in VLSI Design
4. Manipal centre for Information Science offers a MS VLSI CAD in tie up with Synopsys Inc(details).
5. M-Tech Course in microelectronics is conducted at Panjab University,Chandigarh in collaboration with Semiconductor Complex Ltd,Mohali and CSIO Chd. (Details)





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  1. Akshay

    @Guru

    90nm is no more the “current” technology. 65nm is extremely common and 32nm test chips have been already displayed in the public.

    @Writer
    BITS Pilani does not have faculty “mostly” from CEERI teaching VLSI courses to students. BITS has a vibrant faculty base itself:
    http://discovery.bits-pilani.ac.in/homepage/disciplines/eee/faculty.html

    It also boasts of the O-Lab (or the Oyster Lab) providing cutting edge tools for VLSI design which are not available in most of the Indian Universities (http://www.bitsaa.org/?page=olab)

    Also, a study by the Indian Semiconductor Association (ISA) in 2008 revealed that BITS Pilani along with IISc and top 5 IITs accounted for *70-75%* of semiconductor research in India (http://www.gsaglobal.org/publications/isa/)

    It has also been repeatedly ranked among the top 5 universities for Electronics engg in 2009 and 2010 by recruiters: Electronics for You. (http://www.scribd.com/doc/32459160/Engineering-College-Report-2010)

  2. Guru

    Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating integrated circuits by combining thousands of transistor-based circuits into a single chip. VLSI began in the 1970s when complex semiconductor and communication technologies were being developed. The microprocessor is a VLSI device. The term is no longer as common as it once was, as chips have increased in complexity into the hundreds of millions of transistors. The first semiconductor chips held one transistor each. Subsequent advances added more and more transistors, and as a consequence more individual functions or systems were integrated over time. The first integrated circuits held only a few devices, perhaps as many as ten diodes, transistors, resistors and capacitors, making it possible to fabricate one or more logic gates on a single device. Now known retrospectively as “small-scale integration” (SSI), improvements in technique led to devices with hundreds of logic gates, known as large-scale integration (LSI), i.e. systems with at least a thousand logic gates. The same process led to ICs with thousands of devices, becoming LSI. Current technology has moved far past this mark and today’s microprocessors have many millions of gates and hundreds of millions of individual transistors. As at mid 2006, billion-transistor processors are just on the horizon, with the first being Intel’s Montecito Itanium Server. This is expected to become more commonplace as semiconductor fabrication moves from the current generation of 90 nanometer (90 nm) processes to the next 65 nm and 45 nm generations. At one time, there was an effort to name and calibrate various levels of large-scale integration above VLSI. Terms like Ultra-large-scale Integration (ULSI) were used. But the huge number of gates and transistors available on common devices has rendered such fine distinctions moot. Terms suggesting greater than VLSI levels of integration are no longer in widespread use. Even VLSI is now somewhat quaint, give






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