organic farming


Status of organic farming in India
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A survey was made on certified organic farms in the country to ascertain the real benets and fea-sibility of organic farming in terms of the production potential, economics and soil health in com-parison to the conventional farms. The study revealed that organic farming , in

Impacts of organic farming on the efficiency of energy use in agriculture
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Each year, the food system utilizes about 19 percent of the total fossil energy burned in the United States (Pimentel et al., 2006)(Figure 1). Of this 19 percent, about 7 percent is expended for agricultural production, 7 percent for processing and packaging, and 5 percent
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Factors influencing the conversion to organic farming in Norway
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Determinants of the decision to convert to organic farming methods are examined by applying bivariate analyses and a multinomial logit model to a survey of 1018 Norwegian crop and dairy farmers. The results show that 4% of the conventional respondents plan to

Organic farming vis-à-vis modern agriculture
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Before the 19th century, most food in the world was organically produced using organic manure and human and animal power (horses in the US and oxen in Asia) 1. The agricultural revolution began in England in the early 19th century, when Jethro Tull invented

Comparative analysis of organic and non- organic farming systems: A critical assessment of farm profitability
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Executive summary The last decades have seen a proliferation of economic studies that have compared the economic performance of organic and non- organic farming systems. Several criticisms were formulated questioning the validity of such comparisons, partly

Agent based simulation of organic farming conversion in Allier d partement
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The evolution toward a better management of the environment often requires that the economic actors change their usual behaviors. This process can be seen as the diffusion of innovative behavior, if we refer here to the definition proposed by Valente (1995): Diffusion

Elevating antioxidant levels in food through organic farming and food processing
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Several members of the Organic Centers Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC) made important contributions to this State of Science Review. Thanks to Mark Lipson and Steve Diver for raising critical questions regarding the reasons that plants produce

An assessment of the environmental impacts of organic farming
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There is currently considerable interest in organic farming as a method to deliver environmental goods. This review was therefore undertaken to assess the likely benefits to the wider environment from organic practices. On the basis of the published scientific

Microbial population and enzymatic activity as influenced by organic farming
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The effect of organic farming with various sources of organic manures and their combinations on soil biological fertility the experiment was conducted during July to October 2003. The recommended dose of NPK fertilizer was 90: 40: 40 kg ha and recommended

Life cycle assessment of milk production: A comparison of conventional and organic farming
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PREFACE During this work, I have received help and guidance from a number of people. I want to express my gratitude to: Colleagues and personal at SIK, G teborg who supported me with all kind of assistance, Berit Mattsson, for all her help and encouragement, and co-operation on

Biodiversity and Organic farming : What do we know
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The number of studies on organic farming and biodiver sity increased signiÚcantly within the last years. Meanwhile organic farming has been recognised as a Úeld with scientiÚc relevance. About 19,000 publications were found in the Web of Science

Ocimum basilicum L. production under organic farming
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The effect of static compost (turned compost)(10.0, 15.0 and 20m³ per feddan), tea of static compost (tea of turned compost) and their interactions on the vegetative growth characters, essential oil, total flavonoides, and nutrient content of Ocimum basilicum L. were evaluated

Benefits of organic farming for society
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Recent food scares have led to a boom in demand for organic products and have increased policy makers awareness of the potential benefits of organic farming . However, policies specifically targeting organic farming support do not remain beyond dispute and a sound

Organic farming in the small holder farming sector of Zimbabwe
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Abstract Some 20%(n= 246) organic farmers in Juru communal area were interviewed to establish their socioeconomic background, crops grown, problems encountered and the perceived advantages of organic farming . Farming was the main source of income to 86% of

Organic farming in India: relevance, problems and constraints
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The inability of Indian agriculture to meet the demand for food in the country during the two and half decades immediately after independence had been a matter of concern at those times. The system of our agriculture based on the traditional knowledge and practices

Can organic farming Feed the World
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With the world population passing the 6 billion mark last October, the debate over our ability to sustain a fast growing population is heating up. Biotechnology advocates in particular are becoming very vocal in their claim that there is no alternative to using genetically modified

Animal welfare, ethics and organic farming
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Organic , fanning is built on values lh il form.) coherent ethical íiamework. Animal welfare is an important part of that framework, and is a concept that has been discussed in many different contexts. How can anima! welfare be conceived within organic farming Can the

Changing scenario of organic farming in India: An overview
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India produces a large variety of food crops including cereals, pulses and oilseeds. Diversified agriculture is the priority of the Central Government, and technical and financial support is being extended to farmers to encourage diversification especially in the areas of

The adoption of organic rice farming in Northeastern Thailand
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The economic and environmental justification for certified organic farming could be considered strong enough to promote its adoption in the developing countries. Due to the problems facing conventional farmers, and reported benefits and opportunities derived from

Organic farming for sustainable agriculture and meeting the challenges of food security in 21st century: An economic analysis
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India will be the worlds most populous country of more than 14 billion people by the mid- twenty-first century (Dyson et al., 2004). In this context, agriculture and food security are the most important concerns of the 21st century. With the greying of Green Revolution, the