suchitav.com

opamp verilog model


An operational amplifier, which is often called an op-amp, is a DC-coupled high-gain electronic voltage amplifier with differential inputs and, usually, a single output.[1]. Typically the op-amp’s very large gain is controlled by negative feedback, which largely determines the magnitude of its output (“closed-loop”) voltage gain in amplifier applications, or the transfer function required (in analog computers). Without negative feedback, and perhaps with positive feedback for regeneration, an op-amp essentially acts as a comparator. High input impedance at the input terminals (ideally infinite) and low output impedance (ideally zero) are important typical characteristics.

verilog model
`define dB2dec(x) pow(10,x/20)

module top;
electrical vinp,vinm,vdd,vss,voutp,voutm;

opamp i1(vinp,vinm,vdd,vss,voutp,voutm);
endmodule

module opamp(vinp,vinm,vdd,vss,voutp,voutm);
inout vinp,vinm,vdd,vss;
inout voutp,voutm;
electrical vinp,vinm,vdd,vss,voutp,voutm;

parameter real gain = 100 from (0:inf), // open loop gain in dB
three_dB_freq = 1M from (0:inf), // 3dB frequency
rin = 1M from (0:inf), // input resistance
cin = 1n from [0:inf), // input capacitance
iout_max = 100n from (0:inf), // max. output current
vout_offset = 0, // output dc offset, must be between
// Vdd and Vss, but is not checked in
// model
rout = 80 from (0:inf), // output resistance
volc = 1; // coefficient, influences ho w hard
// output voltage is switching into
// saturation

real vin,vout,voutmax,voutmin,vout0,iout;

analog
begin
vin = V(vinp,vinm);
vout = V(voutm,voutm);
voutmax = V(vdd);
voutmin = V(vss);

// input stage
I(vinp,vinm) < + vin / rin + cin * ddt(vin); // dominant pole vout0 = laplace_nd(vin*`dB2dec(gain),{1},{1,1/(`M_TWOPI*three_dB_freq)}) + vout_offset; // output current iout = (vout0 - vout) / rout; // output current limitation case (1) iout > iout_max : iout = iout_max;
iout < -iout_max : iout = -iout_max; endcase /* output voltage limitation it may have a discontinuity at vout=vout_offset therefor we assign iout via slew function */ if (vout >= vout_offset)
iout = iout*tanh(volc*(voutmax-vout));
else
iout = iout*tanh(volc*abs(voutmin-vout));

/* slewrate applied is only an estimation to smooth out
the discontinuity introduced by the output voltage limitation
it is not the slew rate of a real opamp !!!
*/
I(voutp,voutm) <+ slew(iout,iout_max*three_dB_freq); end endmodule





Related

COMMENT songs







EDUCATION

INSURANCE


CONTACT
FAVORITE
SITEMAP
VLSI COMPANIES IN BANGALORE
VLSI INTERVIEW QUESTION RFSIR.COM