hiv treatment


Community-based approaches to HIV treatment in resource-poor settings
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Haiti is by all conventional criteria the poorest country in the western hemisphere and one of the poorest in the world: 13 per capita gross national product (GNP) is around US $400; unemployment exceeds 70%; and fewer than one in 50 Haitians have regular employment

Fact sheet: HIV treatment and care: whats new in infant diagnosis
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WHO 2013 Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretrovirals recommended the use of serological assays to diagnose HIV in children older than 18 months, to ascertain exposure in young infants and children below 18 months of age and to rule out established infection

Global update on HIV treatment 2013: results, impact and opportunities
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PLoS One, 2013, 8:e59768 Page 17. 02 | Impact: Life expectancy increase in rural South Africa Average adult life expectancy, Increases in adult life expectancy in rural South Africa: valuing the scale-up of HIV treatment . Science, 2013

Analytic methods for estimating HIV – treatment and cofactor effects
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This chapter describes new statistical methods developed by the author and co-workers for analyzing randomized trials and observational data bases of HIV -infected persons

Initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy and continuity of HIV care: the impact of incarceration and prison release on adherence and HIV treatment outcomes
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Objective: To examine the effect of incarceration within 12 months of initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on non-adherence and HIV -1 RNA suppression. Methods: We compared the adherence and virological outcomes among participants in a population

Combination antiretroviral strategies for the treatment of pregnant HIV -1-infected women and prevention of perinatal HIV -1 transmission
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Objective: To evaluate the impact of different antiretroviral regimens on perinatal HIV -1 transmission at the population level. Design: Prospective cohort study. Plasma HIV -1 RNA levels were serially measured in 1542 HIV -1 infected women with singleton live births

Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial
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A randomised trial was done to evaluate the impact of improved sexually transmitted disease (STO) case management at primary health care level on the incidence of HIV infection in the rural Mwanza region of Tanzania. HIV incidence was compared in six

Influence of alternative thresholds for initiating HIV treatment on quality-adjusted life expectancy: a decision model
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The optimal threshold for initiating HIV treatment is unclear. Objective: To compare different thresholds for initiating HIV treatment . Design: A validated computer simulation was used to weigh important harms from earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy [HTML]

and treatment opportunistic infections in HIV -infected adults and adolescents; recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV
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Introduction–History of the Guidelines–Guidelines Process–Major Changes in Guidelines Since Last Publication–How to Use the Information in this Report–Effect of ART on the Management of OIs–Initiation of ART in the Setting of an Acute OI ( Treatment -Naïve

TOWARD HIV TREATMENT IN INJECTING DRUG USERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY
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An exploratory study was conducted with 27 injecting drug users (IDUs) on psychosocial factors (stress, coping reactions, and attitudes toward HIV illness and treatment ) which are relevant to treatment acceptance and adherence. A semi-structured interview was used to

Substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection
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This is a reprint of a Cochrane review, prepared and maintained by The Cochrane Collaboration and published in The Cochrane Library 2008, Substitution treatment of injecting opioid users for prevention of HIV infection (Review) Copyright

Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations 2016 update
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Consolidated Guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations. Updated version, July 2016 2 WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data: Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations. 1. HIV

Recommendations for surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance in countries scaling up antiretroviral treatment
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Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) threshold survey method was developed for surveillance of transmitted HIVDR in resource-limited countries. The method is being implemented with minimal resources as a routine public

Zidovudine and stavudine sequencing in HIV treatment planning: findings from the CHORUS HIV cohort
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not been elucidated. Objective: To examine the impact of the sequence of therapeutic regimens containing zidovudine and stavudine on HIV -1 RNA and CD4 lymphocyte counts

The safety and efficacy of zidovudine (AZT) in the treatment of subjects with mildly symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 ( HIV ) infection: a double-blind
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Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of zidovudine early in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 ( HIV ) infection. Design: A double-blind, randomized, placebo- contr
olled trial with subject stratification by pretreatment CD4 T lymphocyte counts. Setting

An Electronic Medical Record system to support HIV treatment in rural Haiti
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Background HIV -AIDS has become the worlds leading infectious cause of adult deaths. Approximately 5% of Haitis adult population is infected with HIV , making it the most affected nation in the western hemisphere . The non-governmental organization Zanmi Lasante

Seizing the opportunity to capitalise on the growing access to HIV treatment to expand HIV prevention
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HIV and sexual behavior among young South Africans: a national survey of 15 24 year olds. University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg: Reproductive Health Research Unit,

Effect of human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) infection on the course of syphilis and on the response to treatment
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Purpose: To evaluate evidence that concurrent infection with human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) alters both the natural history of syphilis (by increasing the frequency of early neurosyphilis) and the response to penicillin. Data Identification: Review of major works on

HIV -induced cysteine deficiency and T-cell dysfunction a rationale for treatment with N-acetylcysteine
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Markedly decreased plasma cystine and cysteine concentrations have been found in HIV – infected patients at all stages of the disease and in SIV-infected rhesus macaques. The elevated glutamate levels found in the same patients aggravate the cysteine deficiency by

Susceptibility of HIV -2, SIV and SHIV to various anti- HIV -1 compounds: implications for treatment and postexposure prophylaxis
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Limited information is available on the activity of antiretroviral drugs against human immunodeficiency virus type 2 ( HIV -2) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains to guide their use in treatment or prophylaxis. We evaluated the antiviral activity of 16 approved