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VLSI Very-large-scale integration DESIGN DEVELOPMENT TESTING


Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an integrated circuit (IC) by combining hundreds of thousands of transistors or devices into a single chip.

Principles of CMOS VLSI design: A systems perspective second edition
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This popular introduction to CMOS VLSI design has been revised extensively to reect changes in the technology and trends in the industry. Covering CM OS design from a digital systems level to the circuit level, and providing a background in CMOS processing

The Design And Analysis Of Vlsi Circuits (The VLSI Systems Series)
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The Design And Analysis Of Vlsi Circuits (The VLSI Systems Series) By Lance A. Glasser Page 2. Algorithms: Design and Analysis, Part 1. In this course you will learn several fundamental principles of algorithm design: divide-and-conquer methods, graph Systems Design and Analysis

Introduction to VLSI systems
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As a result of improvements in fabrication technology, Large Scale Integrated (LSI) electronic circuitry has become so dense that a single silicon LSI chip may contain tens of thousands of transistors. Many LSI chips, such as microprocessors, now consist of multiple,

Analog VLSI : signal and information processing
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Page 1. ANALOG VLSI SIGNAL AND INFROMATION PRCESSING MOHAMMD ISMAIL ET TERRI FEIZ CONTENTS Preface xi List of Contributors xii Acknowledgements xvi 1 Introduction to Analog VLSI Microelectronics 1 1.2 Mixed-signal VLSI Chips

VLSI technology
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Overview of semiconductor industry, Stages of Manufacturing, Process and product trends, Crystal growth, Basic wafer fabrication operations, process yields, Semiconductor material preparation, Basic wafer fabrication operations, Yield measurement, Contamination sources,

Genetic algorithms for VLSI design, layouttest automation
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manual ewd 02 genetic vlsi design layout and test automation evolutionary electronics automatic design of electronic circuits and systems by genetic algorithms alice faye a life beyond the silver screen hollywood legends for vlsi design layout and test automation

Cmos vlsi design
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Page 1. 1 1 Slides adapted from: N. Weste, D. Harris, CMOS VLSI Design, Addison-Wesley, 3/e, 2004 Introduction to CMOS VLSI Design 2 IntroductionIntegrated Circuits: many transistors on one chipVery Large Scale Integration ( VLSI ): very many transistors on one chip

VLSI design techniques for analog and digital circuits
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Page 1. VLSI DESIGN TECHNIQUES FOR ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS Randall L. Geiger Department of Electrical Engineering Texas AM University Phillip E. Allen Department of Electrical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Noel R. Strader MCC Austin, Texas

A bit-serial VLSI architectural methodology for signal processing
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Applications of signt processing abound in the müdem world of electronics. Telephones, stereos, radios, and televisions arc the most eommon examples. In the general electronic communication and control market, there is a widespread demand for higher quality and

Synthesis of self-timed VLSI circuits from graph-theoretic specifications
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Abstract This thesis presents an approach for direct and efcient synthesis of self-timed (asyn-chronous) control circuits from formal specications called Signal Transition Graphs (STGS). Control circuits synthesized from this graph model are speed-independent and

VLSI Architectures for Computing Multiplications and Inverses in GF(2m)
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Finite field arithmetic logic is central in the implementation of Reed-Solomon coders and in some cryptographic algorithms. There is a need for good multiplication and inversion algorithms that can be easily realized on VLSI chips. Massey and Omura recently developed

A procedure for placement of standard cell VLSI circuits
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AbstractThis paper describes a method of automatic placement for standard cells (polycells) that yields areas within 10-20 percent of careful hand placements. The method is based on graph partitioning to identify groups of modules that ought to be close to each

A complexity theory for VLSI
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Abstract The established methodologies for studying computational complexity can be applied to the new problems posed by very largescale integrated ( VLSI ) circuits. This thesis develops aVLsI model of computationand derives upper and lower bounds on the

Algorithms for VLSI design automation
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6.1 Design Rules 83 6.2 Symbolic Layout 85 6.3 Problem Formulation 86 6.3. 1 Applications of Compaction 86 6.3. 2 Informal Problem Formulation 86 6.3. 3 Graph- theoretical Formulation 87 6.3. 4 Maximum-distance Constraints. 90 6.4 Algorithms for by Kluwer Academic Publishers in 1999 No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including

Direct VLSI implementation of combinatorial algorithms
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The purpose of this paper is to give two examples of algorithmic design suitable for direct im- plementation in VLSI (very large-scale integration). We show new algorithms for two important combinatorial problems, dynamic programming and transitive closure. In our design we attempt

Corner stitching: A data-structuring technique for VLSI layout tools
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AbstractComet stitching is a technique for representing rectangular two-dimensional objects. It is especially well suited for interactive VLSI layout editing systems. The data structure has two important features: first, empty space is represented explicitly; and second,

Logic synthesis for VLSI design
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Abstract Very Large Scale Integration ( vlsi ) currently allows hundreds of thousands of transistors in a single application-specific integrated circuit. The trend of increasing levels of integration has stressed the ability of the designer to keep pace. Traditional integrated circuit

Wiring considerations in analog VLSI systems, with application to field-programmable networks.
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Abstract This thesis develops a theoretical model for the wiring complexity of wide classes of systems, relating the degree of connectivity of a circuit to the dimensionality of its interconnect technology. This model is used to design an efficient, hierarchical

A reconfigurable analog VLSI neural network chip
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Bell Laboratories Holmdel, NJ 07733 USA 1024 distributed-neuron synapses have been integrated in an active area of 6.1 mm x 3.3 mm using a 0.9 pm, double-metal, single-poly, n- well CMOS technology. The distributed-neuron synapses are arranged in blocks of 16,

High-speed parallel Viterbi decoding: Algorithm and VLSIarchitecture
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U IGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (DSP) APPLICA-tions often require computing speeds that cannot be achieved by standard signal processor implementations. In this case the use of customized dataflow processors is necessary to meet the given requirements. This requires Devoted to real-time implementation and prototyping of DSP algorithms on both programmable and dedicated DSP this book offers a clear, cohesive, and quantitative systems-based approach to slale-of-lhe-ari research in VLSI digital signal processors. It is

Computer aids for VLSI design
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Caltech Intermediate Format (CIF) is a recent form for the description of integrated circuits. Created by the university community, CIF has provided a common database structure for the integration of many research tools. CIF provides a limited set of graphics primitives that are useful for describing

A parallel gradient descent method for learning in analog VLSI neural networks
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Abstract Typical methods for gradient descent in neural network learning involve calculation of derivatives based on a detailed knowledge of the network model. This requires extensive, time consuming calculations for each pattern presentation and high precision that makes it

VLSI Architecture for Matrix Inversion using Modified Gram-Schmidt based QR Decomposition.
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AbstractMatrix inversion and triangularization problems are common to a wide variety of communication systems, signal processing applications and solution of a set of linear equations. Matrix inversion is a computationally intensive process and its hardware

A VLSIoriented continuous-time CNN model
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Abstract This paper presents an analysis of the stability and convergence properties of the Full Signal Range CNN model. These properties are demonstrated to be similar to those of the Chua-Yangmodel, and the I/O mapping of known applications is shown to be

Delay-Power Performance Comparison of multipliers in VLSI circuit design
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Abstract A typical processor central processing unit devotes a considerable amount of processing time in performing arithmetic operations, particularly multiplication operations. Multiplication is one of the basic arithmetic operations and it requires substantially more The electronics and information technology revolution continues, but it is a critical time in the development of technology. Once again, we stand on the brink of a new era where emerging research will yield exciting applications and products destined to transform and enrich our

An Extensible Object-Oriented Approach to Databases for VLSI /CAD
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Abstract This paper describes an approach to the specification and modeling of information associated with the design and evolution of VLSI components. The approach is characterized by combined structural and behavioral descriptions of a component. Database Abstract Variable length code is an integral component of many intemational standards on image and video compression. Recently. Contest-based Adaptive Variable Length Coding (CAVLC) is adopted by the emerging JVT (also called H. 264 in ITU. and AVC in MFEG-4).

Analog VLSI adaptive logarithmic wide-dynamic-range photoreceptor
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ABSTRACT We describe a photoreceptor circuit that can be used in massively parallel analog VLSI silicon chips, in conjunction with other local circuits, to perform initial analog visual information processing. The receptor provides a continuoustime output that has low Increased levels of chip integration combined with physical limitations of heat removal devices, cooling mechanisms and battery capacity, have established energy-efficiency as an important design objective in the implementation flow of modern electronic products. To

A VLSI geometry processor for graphics
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Most graphicssystems must do some geometric processing. Three tasks they frequently share are coordinate transformations of objects, clipping transformed objects to the boundaries of the viewing window, and scaling clipped objects to the viewport of the

Multiple-valued logic in VLSI : challenges and opportunities
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Abstract In recent years, there have been major advances in integrated circuit technology which have both made feasible and generated great interest in electronic circuits which employ more than two discrete levels of signal. Such circuits, called multiple-valued logic

A comparative scaling analysis of metallic and carbon nanotube interconnections for nanometer scale VLSI technologies
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Abstract This paper addresses the critical issue of scaling limits of local interconnects, contact plugs and local vias made of metal. It is shown that the current carrying capacity of copper vias/contacts fails to meet ITRS current density requirements beyond the 45 nm

Macromodeling and optimization of digital MOS VLSI circuits
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Abstract Power consumption and signal delay are crucial to the design of high-performance VLSI circuits. This thesis presents CAD tools for modeling and optimizing digital MOS designs. The tools determine the transistor sizes that minimize circuit power consumption

A spike based learning neuron in analog VLSI
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Abstract Many popular learning rules are formulated in terms of continuous, analog inputs and outputs. Biological systems, however, use action potentials, which are digital-amplitude events that encode analog information in the inter-event interval. Action-potential

An analog VLSI model of the fly elementary motion detector
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Abstract Flies are capable of rapidly detecting and integrating visual motion information in behaviorly-relevant ways. The first stage of visual motion processing in flies is a retinotopic array of functional units known as elementary motion detectors (EMDs). Several decades

Area and energy efficient VLSI architectures for low-density parity-check decoders using an on-the-fly computation
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LDPC codes are linear block codes described by an nm sparse parity check matrix H. LDPC codes are well represented by bipartite graphs. One set of nodes, the variable or bit nodes correspond to elements of the code word and other set of nodes, viz. check nodes,

An analog VLSI chip for finding edges from zero-crossings
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Abstract We have designed and tested a one-dimensional 64 pixel, analog CMOS VLSI chip which localizes intensity edges in real-time. This device exploits on-chip photoreceptors and the natural filtering properties of resistive networks to implement a scheme similar to and

Design technologies for low power VLSI
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Abstract Low power has emerged as a principal theme in todayelectronics industry. The need for low power has caused a major paradigm shift where power dissipation has become as important a consideration as performance and area. This article reviews various

JlFP-AN ALGEBRAIC VLSI DESIGN LANGUAGE
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Neuromorphic Bisable VLSI Synapses with Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity
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Abstract We present analog neuromorphic circuits for implementing bistable synapses with spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) properties. In these types of synapses, the short- term dynamics of the synaptic efficacies are governed by the relative timing of the pre-and

Visual motion computation in analog VLSI using pulses
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Abstract The real time computation of motion from real images using a single chip with integrated sensors is a hard problem. We present two analog VLSI schemes that use pulse domain neuromorphic circuits to compute motion. Pulses of variable width, rather than

Synthesis of asynchronous VLSI circuits
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Erratum: Synthesis of Asynchronous VLSI Circuits Alain J. Martin Department of Computer Science California Institute of Technology Pasadena CA 91125, USA March 22, 2000 This document is old (1991) and in several respects doesnt describe Caltechcurrent approach to asynchronous

VLSI mesh routing systems
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1.1 Background For message-passing concurrent computers with very few nodes, it is practical to use a full interconnection scheme between nodes. A full interconnection of channels quickly becomes impractical as the number of nodes increases since each node of Systolic tree automata were introduced in [-1], basically as a model for VLSI . (An essentially different model, a systolic trellis automaton, was introduced in.) It was observed already in that the new model gives rise to a number of new problems and problem areas which are interesting

Modeling small oscillating biological networks in analog VLSI
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ABSTRACT We have used analog VLSI technology to model a class of small oscillating biological neural circuits known as central pattern generators (CPG). These circuits generate rhythmic patterns of activity which drive locomotor behaviour in the animal. We have

High-speed VLSI arithmetic units: adders and multipliers
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Digital computer arithmetic is an aspect of logic design with the objective of developing appropriate algorithms in order to achieve an efficient utilization of the available hardware [1- 4]. Given that the hardware can only perform a relatively simple and primitive set of Boolean

Organization and VLSI implementation of MIPS
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Abstract MlPS is an 32-bit, high pcrformancc processor architecture implcmcntcd as an nMOS VLSI Gp. Ihc processor uses a low 1~~ 1, strcamlincd instruction set coupled\vit! la fast pipeline to achicvc an instruction rate of two million instructions per second. Close

On the design of analog VLSI iterative decoders
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Abstract The rapidly growing electronic networking of our society has created the need for a high-speed and low-power data commu¬ nications infrastructure. Both voice and data communications have been made available for the mobile user. Additionally, more complex

Analog VLSI circuits for attention-based, visual tracking
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Abstract A one-dimensional visual tracking chip has been implemented using neuromorphic, analog VLSI techniques to model selective visual attention in the control of saccadic and smooth pursuit eye movements. The chip incorporates focal-plane processing to compute

On the use of nonvolatile programming links for restructurable VLSI
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Associated with VLSI are processing and device performance limitations which have been identified and extensively studied as wellas a variety of architectural and digital design strategies which have received only cursory treatment. Much attention has been given to the

The VLSI implementation and evaluation of area-and energy-efficient streaming media processors
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Abstract Media applications such as image processing, signal processing, and graphics require tens to hundreds of billions of arithmetic operations per second of sustained performance for real-time application rates, yet also have tight power constraints in many ABSTRACT Mismatch in thermal expansion between materials used in VLSI processing and plastic assembly can result in high thermo-mechanical stresses during temperature cycling, often exceeding the yield strength of the metallizations used in VLSI applications. Four

A synthesis method for self-timed VLSI circuits
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Introduction With chip size reaching 1 million transistors, the need for highlevel design of circuits becomes compelling. The main stumbling block in the development of design methods for VLSI algorithms is to nd an interface that provides a good separation of the Power supply current monitoring to detect CMOS IC defects during production testing quietly grew its roots in the mid-1970s. Both Sandia Labs and RCA in the United States and Philips Labs in the Netherlands practiced this procedure on their CMOS ICs. At that time, this

An analog VLSI chip for radial basis functions
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We have designed, fabricated, and tested an analog VLSI chip which computes radial basis functions in parallel. We have developed a synapse circuit that approximates a quadratic function. We aggregate these circuits to form radial basis functions. These radial basis

Globally-asynchronous locally-synchronous architectures for VLSI systems
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Intermittent faults in VLSI circuits
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AbstractPermanent, transient and intermiient faults can negatively inpact VLSI circuits. Soft errors habe been commonly associated with single event upsets generated by neutrons and alpha particles. However, similar errors may be induced by intermittent faults. This

ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS SALES AND SERVICE-INTEGRATED CIRCUIT-ANALOG, DIGITAL, DSP, RF IC, WIRLESS IC, VLSI, CAPACITOR, RESISTOR, INDUCTOR, PCB, MODULE, SENSOR